Reasons for Periorbital Cellulitis

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Disperse from a Local Infection



Trauma to the Region

Based on the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, the spread of disease that originates in the sinuses situated near the nose can causes peri-orbital cellulitis. The bony tissues between the orbit and the sinuses are not quite thick, so the infection can spread to the eyelid tissues. On the other hand, most cases of sinusitis do not cause periorbital infections.

Disease in the Blood

Bacteria in the abscess in the mouth can go to adjacent tissues in the encounter. Bacteria involved in this kind of disease contain Bacteroides and Fusobacterium, according to Christopher S. Kennedy and Mary E. Moffatt in the 2005 book "Harwood-Nuss' Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine: 4th Edition."

Any trauma that breaks the skin in the eyelid region can lead to periorbital cellulitis, in accordance with the U.S. National Library of Medicine. A scratch to an insect or animal bite or the eyelid enables bacteria to enter the tissues of the eye lid, causing an illness. A modest facial wound may additionally result in an infection of the eyelid tissues. Bacteria that are generally situated on skin, for example Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, may function as the cause of these infections, according to EBMedicine.net. Careful observation of eyelid or facial injuries can prevent advancement and immediate infection.

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